The Republic of Iceland (Listeni/ˈaɪslænd/; Icelandic: Ísland [ˈistlant]), Lýðveldið Ísland in Icelandic, is a Nordic island nation in the North Atlantic Ocean.
why iceland called iceland
It has a populace of 332,529 and a region of 103,000 km2 شروط التبرع بالدم للنساء (40,000 sq mi), making it the most inadequately populated nation in Europe. The capital and biggest city is Reykjavík. Reykjavík and the encompassing regions in the southwest of the nation are home to more than 66% of the populace. Iceland is volcanically and topographically dynamic. The inside comprises of a level portrayed by sand and magma fields, mountains and icy masses, while numerous cold streams stream to the ocean through the marshes. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a mild atmosphere, in spite of a high scope simply outside the Arctic Circle. Its high scope and marine impact still keeps summers nippy, with the vast majority of the archipelago having a tundra atmosphere.
As per Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland started in the year 874 CE when the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfr Arnarson turned into the main changeless pilgrim on the island. In the next hundreds of years, Norwegians, وقت اللياقة برو and to a lesser degree different Scandinavians, moved to Iceland, carrying with them thralls of Gaelic birthplace. The island was administered as an autonomous federation under the Althing, one of the world's most seasoned working authoritative congregations. Taking after a time of common strife, Iceland acquiesced to Norwegian govern in the thirteenth century. In 1814, it went under the control of Denmark, amid which a particular Icelandic national character developed. This finished in autonomy in 1918 and the establishing of a republic in 1944.
Until the twentieth century, Iceland depended to a great extent on subsistence angling and agribusiness, and was among the poorest in Europe. Industrialisation of the fisheries and Marshall Plan help taking after World War II brought success, and Iceland got to be distinctly one of the wealthiest and most created countries on the planet. In 1994, it turned into a part of the European Economic Area, which additionally differentiated the economy into segments, for example, fund, biotechnology, and assembling.